Current Affairs 31 December 2023

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The Indian Navy has unveiled a fresh design for the epaulettes worn by Admirals.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled the new design during the commemoration of Navy Day.

The octagon in this new design is taken from the naval ensign and is inspired by the coat of arms of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.

The golden navy button in the new design reiterates the resolve to remove the mentality of slavery.

The octagon represents eight cardinal directions indicating an all-round long-term vision.

The sword represents the essence of the navy, the cutting edge of national power.

The telescope represents long-term vision, foresight and an eye on weather in a constantly changing world.

The adoption of the new design reaffirms Prime Minister Modi’s commitment to Panch Pran – pride on the country’s heritage and eradicating the mentality of slavery.


After the resignation of Lalan Singh, Nitish Kumar became JDU president.

After the resignation of Lalan Singh from the post, Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar has been elected the new president of Janata Dal (United).

Lalan Singh resigned from his post during the JDU executive meeting in Delhi.

Lalan Singh resigned from his post as he wants to focus more on the upcoming elections.

Lalan Singh currently represents the Munger constituency in the Lok Sabha.


The government has imposed anti-dumping duty on gypsum boards and tiles coming from China and Oman.

India has imposed anti-dumping duty on gypsum boards and tiles coming from China for five years.

Anti-dumping duty on gypsum boards and tiles imported from China will be in the range of $23.46-47.62 per tonne.

Gypsum boards and tiles imported from Oman will attract anti-dumping duty between $71.80-91.42 per metric tonne.

The anti-dumping duty has been forced on the reference of the Commerce Ministry.

Core sector output growth declined to 7.8% in November.

Output of eight core infrastructure industries fell to a six-month low of 7.8% in November.

The growth of the core sector has declined due to decline in the production of crude oil and cement sector.

The growth of the core sector was 12 percent in October.

The growth rate in the production of coal, fertilizer, steel and electricity declined during November.

India has emerged as the world’s second-largest steel producer on a global scale.

The government said that India has emerged as the world’s second-largest steel producer.

According to the Steel Ministry, domestic steel production this year was around 90 million tonnes.

According to the Steel Ministry, domestic steel consumption this year was 87 million tonnes.

The Steel Ministry said domestic crude steel production stood at more than 94 million tonnes.

Domestic crude steel production witnessed a growth of over 14% as compared to the production in the same period last year.

According to the Steel Ministry, the production-linked incentive scheme encouraged investment in the steel sector.

This year, an MoU was signed with 27 organizations covering 57 projects and a total investment of more than Rs 29 crore.


The government of Gujarat plans to introduce the first-ever submarine tourism venture in Dwarka, making it a pioneering initiative in India.

This will help tourists explore the marine life in Dwarka, which is believed to be an ancient city lost under the sea.

The state government has signed a memorandum of understanding with Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders for this project.

For the first time in India, underwater tourism facility will be started through submarine.

Tourists will be taken 100 meters below the sea in a submarine to see the underwater marine life.

Each submarine will carry 24 tourists, and the ship will be led by two experienced pilots and a professional crew.

The ship is designed to provide window view for all passengers.

The United Kingdom will implement a carbon border tax on iron from 2027.

Following the EU, the United Kingdom government has decided to implement a carbon border tax on iron, steel, aluminium, ceramics and cement from 2027.

The tax levied will be determined by the quantity of carbon emissions associated with the manufacturing of imported goods, as well as the disparity between the carbon price in the United Kingdom and the originating country.

By implementing this tax, it guarantees that carbon-intensive items like steel and ceramics from foreign nations are subjected to an equivalent carbon price as those manufactured within the UK.

This will give UK industry the confidence to invest in decarbonisation.

India has opposed the EU’s Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) and lodged a protest with the WTO.

Monthly Review December: Appointments

IPS Maheshwar Dayal takes charge as Director General of Jail

Uma Shekhar, first Indian woman elected to the Governing Council of UNIDROIT

Param Sen appointed part-time member of PFRDA board

CS Rajan takes over as chairman of Kotak Mahindra Bank after RBI approval

SEBI approves appointment of Pramod Agarwal as BSE Chairman

Bisleri appoints Deepika Padukone as its global brand ambassador



Monthly Review December: Index and Report


Ranked 220th, Delhi University tops India in QS sustainability rankings

WHO report – 66% of malaria cases in South-East Asia are in India

India ranks 7th in Climate Change Performance Index 2023

Pakistan: Lahore again tops global pollution ranking

Four Indians included in Forbes’ list of most powerful women of 2023


Monthly Review December: Books and Authors


Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan’s book ‘Breaking the Mould’ released

Twinkle Khanna’s ‘Welcome to Paradise’ tops fiction book sales in 2023

‘Fake IPL’ scam analyzed in book

Sukrita Paul Kumar wins 6th Rabindranath Tagore Literary Award

UNESCO honors Punjab’s Rambagh Gate Project with Excellence Award

Professor Savita Ladage to receive Royal Society of Chemistry award

Ali Abu Awwad, Daniel Barenboim win Indira Gandhi Peace Prize

Ban Ki-moon honored with 2023 Diwali ‘Power of One’ award at UN




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